Quite naturally, it is urgent to counteract such a course of events. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is the main factor allowing the community to hold back such a development of events, providing at the same time for the development of international cooperation in the sphere of peaceful use of nuclear energy. That is why Russia attaches great importance to the comprehensive and impartial consideration of the NPT functioning. As a result, ground-based missiles of two classes — medium range from 1, to 5, km and shorter-range from to 1, km missiles have been eliminated.
This paper hopes to clarify the reasoning behind our foreign policy and why we campaign against particular countries developing and possessing weapons of mass destruction. Preventing the spread and use of nuclear weapons is an enormous security challenge, and there is no more urgent threat to the United States and the wider world than a terrorist armed with a nuclear weapon.
The consequences of such an event occurring are terrifying to comprehend, and we will lead in ensuring that this never happens. Iran In our view, Iran is a state sponsor of terrorism.
It directly funds Hamas and Hezbollah, both of which have in recent years carried out rocket attacks on civilian targets in Israel. A state which actively supports organizations such as these cannot be allowed to possess nuclear weapons, because the potential for transferal and use of said weapons is unacceptably high.
It openly opposes the existence of Israel as a nation, and even today refuses to officially recognize the latter as a sovereign entity. It refers to the democratically elected government of Israel as the "Zionist regime" and Israeli land as "occupied territories".
Ayatollah Khamenei said of Israel in that "this cancerous tumor of a state should be removed from the region", and further remarked in that "it is incorrect, irrational, pointless and nonsense to say that we are friends of Israeli people". Such deep-rooted resentment towards a nation and its people does not sit well with the expectation of responsibility that goes hand in hand with possessing weapons of mass destruction.
The recent agreement for Iran to send kg of low-enriched uranium to Turkey in return for higher grade nuclear fuel for a research reactor is indeed a positive step, but we remain deeply concerned that Iran still plans to continue enriching its own uranium without oversight from the International Atomic Energy Agency.
In January of this year, Thai authorities seized a cargo plane carrying thirty five tons of rockets, fuses, rocket launchers and rocket-propelled grenades from Pyongyang to Tehran. Not only was this a clear violation of U. Given that the arms were only discovered after the aircraft made an emergency landing in Thailand, the possibility that much more dangerous military equipment could be covertly and illegally transferred out of North Korea poses a significant risk to world security.
Additionally, the United States believes that North Korea possessing nuclear weapons would completely destabilize the Korean peninsula and destroy any hopes for the reunification of North and South.
North Korea openly wants Korean reunification — as does South Korea — but it is contradicting itself by aggressively developing weapons of mass destruction.
North Korea poses more of a threat to the region than the region poses to it. The United States supports the reunification of Korea, or at the very least long term peace between North and South. Administration is beginning to take steps towards building a world without nuclear weapons.
As President Obama remarked last year, "this goal will not be reached quickly. It will take patience and persistence".
But we have a basic bargain that we bring to the rest of the world: The United States and its P5 counterparts are already playing their part in this bargain by pledging to reduce their nuclear arsenals - other countries must now play theirs.The Non-Proliferation Treaty, (NPT) was based upon three categories: nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, and the civil use of nuclear energy.
The NPT was proposed by Ireland and Finland, and got majority of the countries to sign this treaty, while at same time other countries refused to sign the NPT.
Positions on the treaty. On 7 July , an overwhelming majority of the world’s nations voted to adopt the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons – a landmark international agreement that outlaws the ultimate weapons of mass destruction and establishes a pathway to their elimination.
All countries without nuclear weapons, except South Sudan, are parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty, as are the 5 NPT-sanctioned nuclear weapon states. Europe [ edit ] The UK, France, and the USA share a nuclear umbrella with the 25 other members of NATO, and the 6 European Union states not part of NATO (Austria, Cyprus, Ireland, .
The Treaty is regarded as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime and an essential foundation for the pursuit of nuclear disarmament.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the area within and around the Middle East is a hotbed for the spread of nuclear weaponry. France would like to apply the values exemplified by the NPT and CWC to remedy this problem.
Nuclear Power Plants? There are many nuclear power plants located across the country. If the power grid (or part of the power grid) goes down during a nuclear exchange, there will additionally be a high probability that some (or many) of these plants will present a real and present danger if they cannot ‘scram’ in time – while critical systems are held up by diesel backup generators and.