The cell is empty ground or a burnt tree containing no tree. How do we address the problem of the edge of the world at interest?
This essay will cover six categories of power and these interlink with each other and brings a better focus on theories of power.
The functions of leadership are many and varied, depending upon the basic problem with a group must deal with, and the type of leadership style in action, which is dependent on the leaders basis of power.
Power, in the case of leadership, is divided into six categories, however, each can be linked with another, as they are inter-related. Expert and Informational power are concerned with skills, knowledge and information, of which the holders of such abilities, are able to utilize, to influence others ie technicians and computer personnel.
Reward and Coercive power, differ from the previously mentioned, as they involve the ability to either reward or punish persons being influenced, in order to gain compliance. Legitimate power, is power which has been confirmed by the very role structure of the group or organization itself, and is accepted by all as correct and without dispute, such as in the case of the armed forces or the police force.
Referent power, on the other hand, involves those being influenced, identifying Number grid coursework the leader, ie. Most leaders make use of a combination of these six types of power, depending on the leadership style used.
Authoritarian leaders, for example, use a mixture of legitimate, coercive and reward powers, to dictate the policies, plans and activities of a group. In comparison, a democratic or participative leader would use mainly referent power, involving all members of the group in the decision-making process.
Those who accept the verdict, that leaders are born and not made, maintain, A sudden act by a great man could, according to this theory, change the fate of the nation Wrightsman,p.
The theory, which until the mids formed the basis of most leadership research, cited traits believed to be characteristic of leaders, the list of which grew in length over the years, to include all manner of physical, personality and cognitive factors, including height, intelligence and communication skills.
However, few traits emerged to conclusively differentiate leaders from non-leaders. The traits an individual has may, increase the probability that a person will become a leader, though whether such leadership is guaranteed, is uncertain. Nevertheless, it can be seen to be true that some people are more likely than others to assume leadership positions.
The research on trait theories of leadership has shown that many other factors are important in determining leader success, and that not everyone who possesses these traits will be a leader Adler,p.
The most widely publicized exponent of this approach was Robert Blake and Jane Mouton's Managerial Grid, which attempted to explain that there was one best style of leadership, by various combinations of two factors regarding a concern for production and people. Due to the disillusionment with the fore-mentioned trait theory, the situational approach suggested that the traits required of a leader differed, according to varying situations.
To put it simply, the leader was a person who was in the right place at the right time. Rather than a great man causing a great event to happen, the situational approach claims that great events are the product of historical forces that are gong to happen whether specific leaders are present or not Adair,p.
The emergence of a related theory, the interactionist approach, attempted to explain the existing anomalies. The interactionist theory proposed that both the characteristics of the individual, and the situation in which the group found itself, accounted for whom would become the leader.
Resulting from this theory, was the view that leaders are both born and made, due to the leader requiring certain abilities and skill, but as the situation and the needs of the group changed, so to the person acceptable as leader changed. Developing such abilities and skills requires no position of authority but does require commitment to self, commitment to the organization and its employees, action, and thoughtful, on-going self-assessment.
Such a program of personal development, ideally begun as a part of the formal education process, can assist significantly in learning how to influence others, up, down, and across the organization.
Thus, one can learn how to become what Cohen has called an uncrowned leader, a person who exerts influence over others but lacks positional authority. Its hard to say the one theory is better than the other because as my research shows, it takes more than one approach to accomplish a task with overall proficiency.
Each situation, each environment, and each group of people requires a different approach. If a leader is trainable to understand that different approaches are needed for different situations, then an leader can succeed.
It stands to reason regarding a leader is born is that a leader may be born but if that person isn't exposed to an array to various situations and factors, the that born leader will become a failure.
However I agree a leader may be born and a follower is a follower but a follower can influence other followers especially if that person has charisma such as wiser experience, cultured education, and mature personality.
So a leader may be born but a follower by my own experience I've seen followers who are leaders and assist leaders to perform their best. Therefore sometimes a leader and follower can complement each other thus strengthening the environment. Therefore my own observations show that there are ranks of leaders and ranks of followers.Maths Coursework – Number Grid I will start my investigation by looking at 2 by 2 squares.
I will draw a square around 4 numbers, find the product of the bottom left and top right numbers and the product of the top left and bottom right numbers, then calculate the difference between the 2 products. Students will find a vibrant intellectual life on campus through any number of venues, including lecture series, keynote presentations, workshops, seminars, reading groups, colloquia and symposia on campus.
Take a good number of shots, composing each shot within a single section of the viewfinder grid. Don’t bother about the rest of the frame!
Use any combination of grid . ESSAY SAMPLE ON Number Grid Coursework TOPICS SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU. Order now. My 2 x 2 square is 14, 15, 24 and The top left times by the bottom right is 14 x 25, this equals The top right multiplied by the bottom left is 15 x 24 = To finish I will .
Mar 27, · This is the table i have: nth Term 1st difference 2nd difference 1, 9, 27, 18, 2 36 45 12 3, 81, 33, show more my deadline in on this thursday and I am stuck in my coursework, i and trying to find the 'nth term' for a 9*9 ph-vs.com: Resolved.
GCSE Industry Glossary. [email protected]: a high-tech zone located on a brownfield site in Barcelona. Agglomeration: a group of industries in the same location..
Agglomeration Economies: savings which arise from the concentration of industries in urban areas and their location close to linked activities. e.g.A car factory attracts component suppliers to .